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An estimated one out of every 10 American men will develop prostate cancer before the age of 85. This makes prostate cancer the most common type of cancer among American men.
In the very early stages of prostate cancer, there are usually no symptoms. When symptoms do develop, they depend on the size and location of the tumor. Any symptom should be checked by your physician, to determine the cause.
Symptoms of prostate problems include:
A more common sign of prostate cancer is finding a nodule or abnormality during a routine digital rectal exam (DRE). Some men also show signs of prostate cancer through a PSA blood test, which measures the prostate-specific antigen (PSA).
Based on the results of the PSA and DRE, your doctor may recommend a repeat PSA or biopsy—especially if your PSA level is high, or has risen significantly in a short period of time. If your test results suggest something other than prostate cancer, your doctor will recommend additional tests. Normal PSA range is 0.0â€“2.5 ng/mL for men younger than 49 years old, 0.0â€“3.5 ng/mL for men 50â€“59 years old, and 0.0â€“4.0 ng/mL for men 60 years and older.
PSA levels higher than these may indicate prostate cancer, or could be a sign that your prostate is inflamed or enlarged. How quickly or how high your PSA levels have risen are an important factor in determining testing and treatment steps.
A PSA test and digital rectal exam (DRE) are recommended for relatively healthy men aged 40 or older who want to be screened. Knowing your baseline PSA values to compare with future PSA test results may be helpful. However, all men should be informed of the risks and benefits of early screening, based on their individual situation.
Because there are so many factors to consider when it comes to PSA levels, you should discuss any elevated PSA test result with your doctor. Injury, infection, age, race and many other factors can cause abnormal PSA results. Your risk of prostate cancer depends on many factors, not just your PSA level.
Click here to download our comprehensive brochure on Elevated PSA.
Thanks to the advanced radiation therapy treatment techniques available at Cancer Care of Western New York, prostate cancer can often be cured or managed, giving you many productive and healthy years. A summary of Possible Side Effects and Treatment Details can be found below.
Click here to download our customizable Prostate Cancer Patient Handbook.
Some of the most common treatment options include:
Click here to download our comprehensive brochure on Robotic Prostatectomy
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